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Author Topic: An important study for plant health and future conservation of water  (Read 1182 times)

Maggi Young

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  A fellow AGS member posted this on the discussion  board of that site :

An important study ......for plant health and future conservation of water.

Here is the link to the paper in question:

http://etd.auburn.edu/bitstream/handle/10415/1203/Yang_Xiaomei_2.pdf?sequence=1&ts=1424364959178

EFFECTS OF A NONIONIC SURFACTANT ON  PLANT GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGY

 Quoting from the abstract of the paper ....
"With a continuous declining trend in the availability of groundwater or public
surface water to greenhouse and container nurseries, nursery growers and researchers are
searching for effective ways to reduce water use and maintain optimal plant growth at the
same time. In this project, we studied the effect of a low concentration of surfactant
Tween 20 (polysorbate 20) on plant growth and physiology of two nursery crops.
In laboratory soil columns, the initial wetting of a commercial substrate Fafard 3B
was accelerated and the moisture retention of the substrate treated with 100 mgL-1
Tween 20 solution increased 40.5% compared to that of water treatment at initial wetting.
In an outdoor container study, growth of New Guinea impatiens (Impatiens
hawkerii 'Celebrate Salmon') in the treatment of 100 mgL-1 Tween 20 at the 60% of full
crop evapotranspiration (ET) irrigation level was increased 11% compared to the control
(0 mgL-1 Tween 20 at 100% of ET) after three months. Growth of impatiens in treatment
combinations of 50, 75, 100, or 125 mgL-1 Tween 20 at the 20% or 40% irrigation level
was similar to that in the control throughout the experiment.
 
Under a 3 6 complete factorial design plus a control, irrigation levels of 20%,
40%, 60% of the full crop ET requirements were used in combination with Tween 20
concentrations of 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, and 125 mgL-1. The control was tap watered to
container capacity with 30% leachate. Plants mostly grew equally at the 40% or 60%
irrigation levels when combined with 100 mgL-1 or higher concentrations of Tween 20.
When Tween 20 concentration increased from 0 to 100 mgL-1 at the 60% of ET
irrigation level, the transpiration rate and stomatal conductance decreased 43% and 47%,
respectively, and water use efficiency was increased 47%.
 
In hydroponic studies containing 0 (control) to 125mgL-1 Tween 20 modified
Hoagland solutions, fresh and dry weight of peace lily (Spathiphyllum floribundum
Viscount) and impatiens increased 17% to 33%, and 7% to 18% respectively, in the
solutions with 50 to 125 mgL-1 Tween 20 compared with the control. Water use
efficiency of peace lily and impatiens in 100 ppm Tween 20 solution was increased 166%
and 221% compared to control, respectively.
 
In a greenhouse study, peace lily grew equally with at 60% of ET compared to
100% irrigation when the reduced water regime included Tween 20 at 75 mgL-1 or higher
concentrations. Cost estimation indicated the minimal increase in cost from Tween 20
was offset by decreased water costs based on current municipal water costs."


That member wondered if others might find this worth pursuing and I certainly thought members here might be interested... as he wrote , " I think the paper and it's conclusions could be important........even if only to nurserymen. I would like to see some comparative  trials and see how efficacious p20 might be.   Simply put, the addition of p20 (sorbitan monolaurate) at the precise ratio of 100 parts per million has some significant effects on plant health, all positive. P 20 is derived from Lauric acid from cocoanut so is organic ."

 

Comments?
Margaret Young in Aberdeen, North East Scotland Zone 7 -ish!

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ian mcdonald

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Re: An important study for plant health and future conservation of water
« Reply #1 on: April 29, 2016, 05:05:28 PM »
Really?

Maggi Young

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Re: An important study for plant health and future conservation of water
« Reply #2 on: April 29, 2016, 09:20:51 PM »
The prices I see online for this P20 stuff  are quite high -  it would need careful  research to be sure it was cost effective from a financial point of view. Water saving is  immensely valuable in itself , of course, from an ecological  viewpoint.
Margaret Young in Aberdeen, North East Scotland Zone 7 -ish!

Editor: International Rock Gardener e-magazine

David Nicholson

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Re: An important study for plant health and future conservation of water
« Reply #3 on: April 29, 2016, 10:26:35 PM »
Quote from: Maggi Young link=topic=14289.msg356832#msg356832 date=1461961251
 GWater saving is  immensely valuable in itself , of course, from an ecological  viewpoint.
[/quote

All things are relative if you live in Devon :P
David Nicholson
in Devon, UK  Zone 9b
"Victims of satire who are overly defensive, who cry "foul" or just winge to high heaven, might take pause and consider what exactly it is that leaves them so sensitive, when they were happy with satire when they were on the side dishing it out"

 


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